Focus China: the education of a second child — “sweet burden” of motherhood in China

In 2016, China abolished the policy of “one family, one child”, many Chinese women decided to have a second child. However, many of them realized that the education of the second child turns into the “sweet burden” as with the birth of the second child, they face a number of challenges in the field of medical services, education and career.

Zou JI of the wire. Hunan, recently gave birth to a second child in an interview korr. Xinhua said: “I Have four children. Mother-in-law because of illness does not help me. My mom takes care of my first child, the second is caring for the nanny, for which I pay her every month more than 6000 yuan /1 am. $ – 6.9 yuan/. The cost of maintaining two children large. The family budget is greater than 20 thousand yuan per month. In particular, the annual cost for the first child is not less than 30 thousand yuan, including the payment of a kindergarten, books, food, clothes, etc. Family barely making ends meet” – recognizes it.

“Despite the enormous pressure we are all deeply convinced that we must overcome the difficulties. As for the children, family feeling worth more than any wealth”, added the young mother.

“For me to have a second child-and the grief and the joy. At first I wanted to lie in a single maternity ward, but actually had to lie down in the Quad. The problem of shortage of medical resources becomes more acute,” said Ling Xiao, born in 80-ies of the last century.

Data show that China’s 450 people have one obstetrician-gynecologist, a thousand children — 0,43 pediatrician. As the head of the Department of obstetrics and gynecology hospital of Hunan”, Sanya” Zhang Vasa, after the abolition of the policy of “one family, one child” about 30% of mothers wishing to have a second child, are women over the age of 35 years. There is a lack of experienced obstetricians, are able to handle complex cases. “This creates big challenges for effective medical care”, – she stressed.

Three-year-old resident of the city of Changsha by the name of Juan soon have to go to kindergarten. Choosing the kindergarten, she noted that payments to private kindergartens is very high-about 4-5 thousand yuan a month, the public kindergartens are cheaper, but to get to them is difficult.

The results of the survey in Beijing and the city of Changsha to indicate that the lack of resources in early childhood education and public services has a significant impact on the desire of couples to have a second child. Now most of the kindergartens in China only accepts children older than three years, refusing the admission of toddlers aged 0-3 years. How to care for a child up to 3 years? A matter of concern for working Chinese couple.

Some women complain that pregnancy and the birth of a second child they may lose opportunities for career advancement and participation in professional training. “To give birth” or “to grow professionally”? – It is difficult to make a choice between work and child rearing.

The media survey showed that although the country had adopted a number of rules on the protection of rights and interests of women, in practice not all of them are implemented. Some companies reduce the salaries of its female employees due to pregnancy and child birth.

Given this situation, specialists in China offered to increase investment in the development departments of obstetrics and gynecology, strengthen the training of pediatricians, and to support the development of preschool education, to expand the construction of nurseries to provide real and necessary help to the families with two children in overcoming difficulties.

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